Ongoing Project - PCB Integration with Argon

Hey everyone! My team recently won a hardware hackathon that had particle argons there. The product we’re developing is a bee hotel for native bees (not honeybees)! At the hackathon, we integrated the argon onto a PCB with solar panels, MPPC, and a PWM PIR sensor for the bees. Here’s the link to the schematics, layout and 3D. I added a 3D screenshot at the bottom of the post.

A little bit of background, a native bee hotel houses sedentary bees which lay their eggs in tube structures like hollow plant stems. We want to use PIR sensors along the tubes to get bee traffic data and build a country-wide bee traffic map.

I want to share a bit about the hardware and learn a bit about the particle’s firmware process (we kind of just threw it on there).

Solar Cells
I’ve bumped into the IXYS KXOB25 series before and loved them for their reflowability. I wanted to connect them in parallel so the only constraint was that their output voltage is less than 5V, which is the maximum input voltage of the energy harvesting IC.

Energy Harvesting
I chose the LTC3105EDD because I’ve seen it used to maximize solar cell power output in some nanosatellite projects I’ve browsed in the past. Although it doesn’t have an actual MPPT algorithm, it has a very attractive 250mV startup voltage which can potentially increase the times of day our device will provide power (dawn, dusk, cloud cover). All this needs real world testing which is coming next week.

PIR Sensors
These are paired infrared transmitters and receivers. As seen in the 3D view, we’re using 2 of them per bee tube to determine which direction the bees are going (in or out of the tube). Of course, this would need to be done in firmware. To save power (because these PIR diodes are super power hungry, we added a low side MOSFET that switches all three strings of PIR diodes (they are strung in series to get 1.1V drive from a 3.3V source). In theory, we can decrease the PWM duty cycle to as low as the PIR’s rise time and set the frequency to 1Hz which would save so much power.

Future Steps
Here are the unknowns that we’ll be researching. I already see some good answers in the forums, but please feel free to chime in! I’ve played with Edge Impulse in the past and we want to run a small tflite model on particle hardware that would determine what type of bee is in the hotel based on a short audio sample. We also want to send this data to a central server hosted by particle; in your experience how many weeks/months would it take to setup particle cloud to get up to 100 provisioned devices sending about 50 bytes of data to a central server? It would be awesome if we can get that done quickly.


Since your Project is Scientific in nature, you might have a look at ThingSpeak for your backend.
Because then you have access to MATLAB & Simulink.
Each Channel could have it's Location Data, so at the very least you could produce "heatmaps" for real-time and historic maps for Bee Density, etc.

Eventually you could add arrays for Environmental data (distance to known food, water, & toxicity sources), or any other factors.
I know about 0% when it comes to bees.... I'm just guessing at possibilities.

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Mark, congrats to you and the team for making this great project!
It looks incredible, same as the goals.
Welcome to the community BTW.

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Thanks for pointing that out! I've never heard of it before but it seems to fit in perfectly with the data visualization the team wanted to do. Relaying this to them.

thank you for the warm welcome :slight_smile:

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